Why Is There So Much Deforestation In Indonesia?

Why is deforestation occuring in Indonesia?

Large areas of forest in Indonesia have been cleared by large multinational pulp companies, such as Asia Pulp and Paper, and replaced by plantations. Forests are often burned by farmers and plantation owners. Another major source of deforestation is the logging industry, driven by demand from China and Japan.

What is the main reason for deforestation in Malaysia and Indonesia?

Oil palm development One of the biggest drivers of deforestation in the HoB and Kalimantan is the growth of oil palm plantations in response to global demand for palm oil, the most important tropical vegetable oil in the global oils and fats industry.

Why does Indonesia have so many endangered species?

Its wild population is believed to total less than 500 animals, with an estimated 150 breeding pairs. One of the most immediate threats to their survival comes from the destruction of critical habitat by the pulp and paper industry as it converts high value rainforests into monoculture pulp plantations.

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Where does deforestation occur the most in Indonesia?

This deforestation predominantly occurred on the large islands of Sumatra (47% of national deforestation) and Kalimantan (40% of national deforestation) (Margono et al 2014).

What can we do to stop deforestation in Indonesia?

One option to prevent further losses is to include degraded forests controlled by local indigenous people in social forestry projects. These projects can benefit local livelihoods, ensure that non-timber forest products are managed sustainably, and help to safeguard degraded forests.

What percentage of Indonesia is forest?

Forest area (% of land area) in Indonesia was reported at 49.72 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.

How much of the Indonesian rainforest has been destroyed?

Although estimates vary widely, conservative studies suggest more than a million hectares (2.4 million acres) of Indonesian rainforest is cleared and lost each year, with about 70% occurring in forests on mineral soils and 30% on carbon-rich peatland forests.

What animals are killed by deforestation?

The Sumatran tiger, Sun Bear, Pygmy Elephant, and proboscis Monkey all face extinction because of deforestation and poaching.

How many animals are extinct due to deforestation?

According to recent estimates, the world is losing 137 species of plants, animals and insects every day to deforestation. A horrifying 50,000 species become extinct each year. Of the world’s 3.2 million square miles of the planet’s rain forests, 2.1 are in the Amazon alone.

What animals are extinct due to deforestation?

9 Species Going Extinct Due to Habitat Destruction &

  • Orangutans. Orangutans, coming from the Malay language meaning “man of the forest,” share 96.4% of our human genes.
  • Sumatran Rhinos.
  • Chimpanzees.
  • Mountain Gorilla.
  • Giant Panda.
  • Pygmy Sloth.
  • Monarch Butterflies.
  • Bornean Pygmy Elephant.
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How many trees get cut down per day?

How much trees are cut down every day? Throughout the world, about 900 million trees are cut down annually. This equates to about 2.47 million trees cut down every day.

How many trees are there in Indonesia?

Of the 4,000 species of trees in Indonesia, only 120 hardwood species are recognised as being suitable for commercial use. Of these, about 48 (mainly Dipterocarp spp) are used in the plywood industry.

What is effect of deforestation?

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.

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