Readers ask: When Did Indonesia Invade East Timor?

Why did Indonesia invade East Timor?

John Taylor writes that Indonesia invaded for three main reasons: (1) to avoid the “negative example” of an independent province, (2) to have access to the high initial estimates of oil and natural gas under the Timor Sea (initial estimates which turned out to be largely mistaken), and (3) following the fall of South

When did East Timor separated from Indonesia?

On 30 August 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, an overwhelming majority of East Timorese voted for independence from Indonesia. Immediately following the referendum, anti-independence Timorese militias – organised and supported by the Indonesian military – commenced a scorched earth campaign.

When did the East Timor genocide end?

Australia has led international support for East Timor during its first 10 years of independence, not only as the largest bilateral donor of development assistance, but also by providing a leadership role to ensure security and stability in the country.

What was East Timor called before?

East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century and was known as Portuguese Timor until 28 November 1975, when the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) declared the territory’s independence.

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Who was Indonesia colonized by?

In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.

What is the religion of East Timor?

According to the 2015 census, 97.6 percent of the population is Catholic, 1.96 percent Protestant, and less than 1 percent Muslim. Protestant denominations include the Assemblies of God, Baptists, Presbyterians, Methodists, Seventh-day Adventists, Pentecostals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Christian Vision Church.

Why is Timor divided?

Around 600 of the 1,400-strong Timorese army rebelled after being dismissed when they protested against discrimination against easterners. The police split along similar lines and also clashed with the army until the government ordered them all out of the capital and called in an Australian-led force to restore order.

What is the youngest state in Asia?

Why Timor-Leste? As the youngest country in Asia and home to one of the youngest populations in the world, Timor-Leste is poised reconcile its difficult past and realize a more prosperous future.

What is the capital of East Timor?

In 1999, when the territory gained independence under UN supervision, Dili was designated the administrative centre. It became the capital when East Timor achieved full sovereignty in 2002. Pop. (2010) 192,652.

Was East Timor a Portuguese colony?

Portuguese Timor (Portuguese: Timor Português) refers to East Timor during the historic period in which it was a Portuguese colony that lasted between 1702 and 1975. The independence of East Timor was finally achieved in 2002 following a UN-administered transition period.

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Why is Indonesia in West Papua?

Indonesia has controlled West Papua since invading in 1963 and formalising its annexation through the controversial, UN approved, ‘Act of Free Choice’. Security forces are accused of severe human rights violations during the occupation with an estimated 500,000 Papuans killed.

Is East Timor safe?

Crime continues to be a problem in Timor-Leste, including gang-related violence, robbery (in some cases armed), and assault. Be vigilant at all times and avoid displaying expensive items of jewellery or carrying large sums of money. There have been reports of harassment and violence against women.

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