- 1 What are the main sources of water in Indonesia?
- 2 How clean is the water in Indonesia?
- 3 What of clean water does the Indonesian government provide?
- 4 How many people have clean water in Indonesia?
- 5 Why is Indonesia water so polluted?
- 6 Is Indonesia better than India?
- 7 Is water expensive in Indonesia?
- 8 Is it safe to drink tap water in Indonesia?
- 9 Why is Jakarta sinking?
- 10 Does Thailand have clean water?
- 11 Why are bodies of water easily polluted?
- 12 Is water in Jakarta safe to drink?
- 13 What is the pH level of Jakarta tap water?
- 14 Where does Jakarta get its water?
What are the main sources of water in Indonesia?
Water utilities abstract water from rivers and lakes (60%), springs (25%) and groundwater (15%). For example, the main water source for Jakarta is the Jatiluhur Dam on the Citarum River 70 km southeast of the city.
How clean is the water in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s water and sanitation crisis For many households, water sources are distant, contaminated or expensive, and household sanitation is unaffordable. About 24 million Indonesians lack safe water and 38 million lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
What of clean water does the Indonesian government provide?
The Indonesian government targets 100 percent of access to safe drinking water for all Indonesian citizens to be achieved in 2019. However, in 2018 the realization only reached 72 percent.
How many people have clean water in Indonesia?
Of Indonesia’s population of 260 million people, 33.4 million lack access to clean water and 99.7 million lack access to basic sanitation.
Why is Indonesia water so polluted?
In addition to domestic activities, sources of water pollution also come from industrial activities wastes water such as small scale industries, agriculture, textile, pulp and paper, petrochemical, mining, and oil and gas.
Is Indonesia better than India?
While India fares better than Indonesia on growth rates of per capita GDP and labour productivity, its poverty and public debt to GDP rates are far higher than those of Indonesia. The South East Asian nation also fares better on income equality and global competitiveness.
Is water expensive in Indonesia?
Clean water usually costs from Rp 100,000 to Rp 150,000 per tank. In August, one tank containing 5,000 liters of water cost Rp 230,000,” said Sukiman. Each household in Sidorejo village spend between Rp 600,000 and Rp 1 million per month on clean water.
Is it safe to drink tap water in Indonesia?
Yes but public tap water should only be consumed after boiling and filtering unless you are told otherwise. The main issue is pathogens due to poor water pipe infrastructure and the tropical heat.
Why is Jakarta sinking?
Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea-level rise. But Indonesia’s biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it’s causing the city to sink.
Does Thailand have clean water?
Thailand has achieved both the sanitation and drinking- water Millennium Development Goal targets. Around 93% of the population has access to improved sanitation and 96% to improved drinking-water. The country also has national standards for drinking-water quality.
Why are bodies of water easily polluted?
Water is uniquely vulnerable to pollution. Known as a “universal solvent,” water is able to dissolve more substances than any other liquid on earth. It’s also why water is so easily polluted. Toxic substances from farms, towns, and factories readily dissolve into and mix with it, causing water pollution.
Is water in Jakarta safe to drink?
Locals are not in the habit of drinking water straight from the tap, so generally there is no reason for the government or regulators to reach a certain standard of quality. But don’t worry, tap water is safe for general use, like showering and cooking, and you can also drink it after boiling.
What is the pH level of Jakarta tap water?
The measurement results show that the water is still meet standards. This is consistent with researchers, that the pH value of normal is 7-8, so it can be stated that the condition of the waters are still normal [2,3].
Where does Jakarta get its water?
The most common water source for Jakarta mainly comes from water purification from Citarum River and from other areas outside Jakarta, such as Jatiluhur Dam (Figure 5). The second water source option is groundwater. Unfortunately, groundwater was not very dependable water source for domestic needs.