Question: What Is The History Of Indonesia?

What is the brief history of Indonesia?

Indonesian history The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; the islands were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan’s surrender, but it required four years before the Netherlands agreed to relinquish its colony.

What was Indonesia called before?

Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies).

When was Indonesia founded?

Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.

Who first came to Indonesia?

Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.

Who colonized Indonesia first?

In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.

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What is the main religion in Indonesia?

According to population census data in 2010, 87 percent of Indonesians declared themselves to be Muslim, followed by 9.87 percent who were Christian. Indonesia has the largest Islamic population in the world and for this reason is often recognized as a Muslim nation.

Where did Indonesia originate from?

The history of ancestral migration started 72,000 years ago when a group of Homo sapiens or modern humans travelled south from the African continent to the Arabian peninsula towards India. The descendants of this first wave of people arrived to what is now the Indonesian archipelago around 50,000 ago.

Why did the Dutch leave Indonesia?

The US favoured Sukarno and Indonesian Independence in the hope of keeping independent Indonesia out of the hands of the Communists. As a result of US pressure on the Dutch, sovereignty was transferred to the nationalist government of Indonesia in 1949 with the exclusion of the Dutch part of New Guinea.

Why did Japan invade Indonesia?

The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in the region.

How long was Indonesia colonized?

Indonesian Perceptions For example, when you talk to an Indonesian individual about the colonial period (whether the individual is highly educated or uneducated) he/she will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries.

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What is unique about Indonesian culture?

Separated by the sea, each island has their own language, customs, and way of life. The Indonesian culture is formed by the indigenous people as well as influences from China, India, Europe, and the Middle East. Religions also have impacted cultural assimilation, creating the most diverse society in the world.

What is the traditional food of Indonesia?

Nasi goreng Considered Indonesia’s national dish, this take on Asian fried rice is often made with sweet, thick soy sauce called kecap (pronounced ketchup) and garnished with acar, pickled cucumber and carrots.

What is considered rude in Indonesia?

Use your right thumb to point at things – pointing with the index finger is considered rude. Always bend slightly when meeting or greeting an Indonesian older than you or in a position of authority.

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