FAQ: Why Did East Timor Want Independence From Indonesia?

Why did Indonesia want to invade East Timor?

John Taylor writes that Indonesia invaded for three main reasons: (1) to avoid the “negative example” of an independent province, (2) to have access to the high initial estimates of oil and natural gas under the Timor Sea (initial estimates which turned out to be largely mistaken), and (3) following the fall of South

How did East Timor gain its independence?

In 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, an overwhelming majority of East Timorese voted for independence from Indonesia. Following a United Nations-administered transition period, East Timor was internationally recognised as an independent nation in 2002.

When did Timor Leste gain independence?

During the initial years of the Indonesian invasion and occupation, more than 100,000 East Timorese died as a direct result of the conflict. Most of the dead were civilians killed by the military or starved to death in internment camps or while hiding in the hills from the Indonesian military.

Did Australia help East Timor?

Australia has led international support for East Timor during its first 10 years of independence, not only as the largest bilateral donor of development assistance, but also by providing a leadership role to ensure security and stability in the country.

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Who colonized East Timor?

East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century and was known as Portuguese Timor until 28 November 1975, when the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) declared the territory’s independence.

What is the youngest state in Asia?

Why Timor-Leste? As the youngest country in Asia and home to one of the youngest populations in the world, Timor-Leste is poised reconcile its difficult past and realize a more prosperous future.

Why is Timor divided?

Around 600 of the 1,400-strong Timorese army rebelled after being dismissed when they protested against discrimination against easterners. The police split along similar lines and also clashed with the army until the government ordered them all out of the capital and called in an Australian-led force to restore order.

Is Timor Leste a poor country?

East Timor continues to be one of the world’s poorest countries, with GDP per capita standing at $3,949 (2011). As of 2015, Timor-Leste had a population of 1.17 million and an annual growth rate at 1.8%. Based on the total population, 40.2% aged 15 years and above were employed.

What is the capital of East Timor?

In 1999, when the territory gained independence under UN supervision, Dili was designated the administrative centre. It became the capital when East Timor achieved full sovereignty in 2002. Pop. (2010) 192,652.

Why is Indonesia in West Papua?

Indonesia has controlled West Papua since invading in 1963 and formalising its annexation through the controversial, UN approved, ‘Act of Free Choice’. Security forces are accused of severe human rights violations during the occupation with an estimated 500,000 Papuans killed.

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Why did the East Timor crisis happen?

The 1999 East Timorese crisis began with attacks by pro-Indonesia militia groups on civilians, and expanded to general violence throughout the country, centred in the capital Dili. The violence intensified after a majority of eligible East Timorese voters chose independence from Indonesia.

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